All you need to know about fungal toenails and what you need to do

fungal toenails
fungal nails

Fungal toenails is an uncomfortable foot infection that comes in via cracks in your toenail or wounds on the surface of your skin, unlike ingrown toenails. It can cause your toenails to change their colour or thicken. Fungal toenails can also be painful across some severe cases when left unattended. Due to the warm and damp conditions of your toes and foot area, unpleasant fungus tends to breed and nurture quite well there due to the combination of these elements. Various types of fungi and occasionally yeast upset various parts of your nail creating further discomfort. But rest assured, here is an article that dives deep into the many questions that you may have if this happens to you.

If ignored and left unaddressed, these fungal infections can outspread and migrate to nearby toenails, parts of the skin, or fingernails, accumulating to a much larger problem than initially

What You Should Know

Symptoms

Infected fungal toenails are thicker, oddly shaped and are also feeble, and tend to break so easily. These are some of the common symptoms found in an infected toenail, if you are uncertain, best to be sure and have it inspected by a physician or professional podiatry clinic or mobile podiatrist.

Who does it most commonly affect?

Surprisingly, men are at a higher risk of infection than women. Other factors such as age also contribute, with the older people at a higher risk than the younger population. Other preexisting health factors too can contribute, such as diabetes and Athlete’s Foot. Those who stay long in water, moist conditions for work or whichever it may be, and smokers are also at a higher risk to form fungal toenail issues. It could also be hereditary as well, so, as you can see, there are many possible factors to consider for determining the cause for a case of fungal infections.

Solution: What you can do to treat fungal toenails

The way you fix fungal toenails varies according to the kind of fungus you have and how acute the infection is. Your physician may do one of these procedures or a combination to determine the best method of treatment. Sometimes it boils down trial and error:

Some possible methods used:

An antifungal ointment cream that goes straight to your toenail to tackle the infestation

A topical nail lacquer

An antifungal prescription pill that can be digested as opposed to a topical cream

A laser treatment that eliminates the infected section of the nail or skin

In other situations, you might be required to undergo a surgical operation to remove the damaged nail altogether. Having the nail removed entirely with surgery will of course be the last option if an untreated toenail has proceeded to that extreme of a degree. 

How to avoid fungal toenails from happening

To completely avoid fungal toenail, you need to take good care of your feet through proper hygiene. So, cleaning your feet properly with soap with antibacterial cleaning agents. After washing your feet, dry them thoroughly as to avoid any excess moisture, this includes in and between your toes. Frequently trim your toenails so that the fungus has difficulty growing in the nails. Be sure to use adequately cleaned equipment that is the clippers and files are regularly washed, disinfected and sanitised prior to each use or wash them with warm water and soap. Then wipe your clippers and files with rubbing alcohol before the next use. Never try to hide your discoloured nails with nail polish. This cover-up means that your nail bed does not breathe. When your nail bed does not have a proper exchange of air, it holds fungus, and the fungus does not go away.

Additionally, remember to keep your feet dry and clean. Be mindful of your footwear, find a pair that is comfortable and breathable with proper ventilation. Wear socks that do not hold moisture and try not to wear shoes and socks as often. Go for properly fitting shoes with ample space. Your shoes must be made of a material that allows free movement of air. These materials include leather, canvas and mesh. Wear shower shoes when in moist public places. Take regular checks on your nails to identify any changes with your local podiatrist or GP.